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丽泽SOHO,北京 / Zaha Hadid Architects

  • 2019-11-21 09:16
  • 专业分类:建筑设计

来源:谷德设计网

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丽泽SOHO坐落于北京西南部的丽泽路,其所在的丰台新商业区作为日益发展的金融和交通枢纽,将市中心与南面最近建成开放的大兴国际机场连接起来。新商业区是北京多模态城市规划的重要组成部分,能够在不影响市中心既有基础设施网络的前提下适应城市的发展。

▼视频,video

▼项目概览,project overview ©Hufton+Crow

Located on Lize Road in southwest Beijing, Leeza SOHO tower anchors the new Fengtai business district – a growing financial and transport hub between the city centre and the recently opened Beijing Daxing International Airport to the south. The new business district is integral to Beijing’s multi-modal urban plan to accommodate growth without impacting existing infrastructure networks in the centre of the city.

▼视频,video

▼城区规划示意,district masterplan

丽泽SOHO的建筑面积为172,800平方米,45层高的塔楼能够满足北京各类中小型公司的办公需求,提供灵活高效的甲级办公环境。

This 45-storey 172,800m² tower responds to demand from small and medium-sized businesses in Beijing for flexible and efficient Grade A office space.

▼丽泽SOHO – 塔楼整体外观,Leeza SOHO – exterior view of the tower ©Hufton+Crow

丽泽SOHO与商业区的铁路站点相邻,未来将有五条新地铁线路在这里交汇,一条地铁隧道将建筑所在的场地沿对角线一分为二。

Adjacent to the business district’s rail station at the intersection of five new lines currently under construction on Beijing’s Subway network, Leeza SOHO’s site is diagonally dissected by an underground subway service tunnel.

▼场地位置示意,location

与场地状况相适应,塔楼的体量同样被分成两半,并包覆在一体化的立面外壳之中。这两个部分之间产生的空隙贯穿了整个塔楼的高度,并由此形成了世界上最高的中庭(194.15米)。随着塔楼的上升,顶部的楼层将与北面的丽泽路重新对齐。

▼体块生成策略,massing strategy

Straddling this tunnel, the tower’s design divides its volume into two halves enclosed by a single facade shell. The emerging space between these two halves extends the full height of the tower, creating the world’s tallest atrium at 194.15m which rotates through the building as the tower rises to realign the upper floors with Lize road to the north.

▼塔楼的体量被分成两半,包覆在一体化的立面外壳之中,the tower’s design divides its volume into two halves enclosed by a single facade shell ©Hufton+Crow

▼世界上最高的中庭(194.15米),the world’s tallest atrium at 194.15m  ©Hufton+Crow

中庭的这种“扭转”使得丽泽SOHO的两个部分相互交织,犹如在跳一场动感的双人舞。塔楼的13、24、35和45层设有空中走廊,透过光滑的外墙能够欣赏到广阔的城市全景。

This rotation of the atrium intertwines Leeza SOHO’s two halves in a dynamic ‘pas de deux’ with connecting skybridges on levels 13, 24, 35 and 45; its glaced facade giving panoramic views across the city.

▼“扭转”的中庭,a rotating atrium ©Hufton+Crow

▼从中庭内部望向入口,view to the entrance from the atrium ©Hufton+Crow

▼13、24、35和45层设有空中走廊,the two halves are connected by skybridges on levels 13, 24, 35 and 45 ©Hufton+Crow

丽泽SOHO的中庭作为新商业区的公共广场,将塔楼内部的所有空间连接起来,雕塑般扭转的姿态为内部空间带来了变化的视野,为北京创造出一个充满吸引力的、与城市交通网络直连的全新公共空间。

▼场地交通流线示意,site circulation ©Hufton+Crow

Leeza SOHO’s atrium acts as a public square for the new business district, linking all spaces within the tower and providing varying views due to its twisting, sculptural form; creating a fantastic new civic space for Beijing that is directly connected to the city’s transport network.

▼光滑的立面反射出城市全景, the glaced facade giving panoramic views across the city ©Hufton+Crow

除了将自然光引入建筑深处,中庭同时还是一座带有集成通风系统的“热风筒”。该通风系统能够将正压力维持在较低水平以限制空气的进入,同时为塔楼内部的环境提供高效的空气净化和过滤。

The atrium brings natural light deep within the building, acting as a thermal chimney with an integrated ventilation system that maintains positive pressure at low level to limit air ingress and provides an effective clean air filtration process within the tower’s internal environment.

▼立面和天窗细部,Facade + FS10 Skylight

丽泽SOHO的整体式双重隔热玻璃幕墙系统,在每一层都通过一定角度的倾斜来创造出可供空气流通的通风口,从而让每个楼层都获得极为有效的环境控制。

Leeza SOHO’s double-insulated, unitised glass curtain wall system steps the glazing units on each floor at an angle, providing narrow ventilating registers to draw outside air through operable cavities where required; creating extremely efficient environmental control for each floor.

▼整体式双重隔热玻璃幕墙系统,double-insulated, unitised glass curtain wall system ©Hufton+Crow

▼幕墙细部,detailed view ©Hufton+Crow

塔楼的两个部分共同遮蔽了中庭的公共空间,双层隔热的低辐射玻璃即使在北京的极端天气条件下仍能保持室内环境的舒适。 玻璃的传热系数为2.0 W /m²K,遮阳系数为0.4。塔楼的总体外部围护结构传热系数为0.55 W /m²K。

▼中庭空调策略,atrium conditioning strategy

The two halves of the tower shade the atrium’s public spaces, while the double-insulated low-e glazing maintains a comfortable indoor environment in Beijing’s extreme weather conditions. With a u-value of 2.0 W/m²K, the glazing has a shading coefficient of 0.4. The tower’s overall external envelope u-value is 0.55 W/m²K.

▼中庭空间细部,atrium detailed view ©Hufton+Crow

扎哈·哈迪德建筑事务所与SOHO中国在三维建筑信息模型(BIM)于设计中的运用、建造管理和建筑施工等方面均位列国际前沿。双方在截至目前的四次合作中,已经于总计1500万平方英尺的多功能城市空间中利用新兴科技减少了能源的消耗和气体的排放。

At the forefront of 3D Building Information Modelling (BIM) in design, construction management and building operations, Zaha Hadid Architects and SOHO China have implemented proven technologies to reduce the energy consumption and emissions at each of their four collaborations, totalling 15 million square feet (1.4 million sq. m) of mixed-use urban space in Beijing and Shanghai.

▼三维建筑信息模型,MEP BIM model

丽泽SOHO的设计旨在达到美国绿色建筑委员会的LEED金级认证标准,其先进的3D BIM能源管理系统可监控实时环境控制和能源效率。整栋大楼中还包括废弃换热、高效泵、风扇、冷却器、锅炉、照明和控制系统。与此同时,大楼还联合雨水收集、低流量、灰水冲洗装置以及带有光伏阵列的绿色屋顶以实现太阳能的收集。

▼可持续性设计示意,sustainability

Designed to achieve LEED Gold certification by the US Green Building Council, Leeza SOHO’s advanced 3D BIM energy management system monitors real-time environmental control and energy efficiency. These systems also include heat recovery from exhaust air and high-efficiency pumps, fans, chillers boilers, lighting and controls. The tower incorporates water-collection, low-flow rate fixtures and grey water flushing as well as an insulating green roof with photovoltaic array to harvest solar energy.

▼电梯厅,elevator hall ©Hufton+Crow

地下楼层设有2680个自行车停车位,和包含了储物柜及淋浴设施的可供电混动力汽车使用的充电空间。安装在整个丽泽SOHO中的低挥发性有机化合物材料能最大程度地减少室内污染物,高效过滤器则可以通过空气处理系统有效地去除空气中的微粒。

2,680 bicycle parking spaces, with lockers, shower facilities and dedicated charging spaces for electric and hybrid cars are located below ground; while low volatile organic compound materials are installed throughout Leeza SOHO to minimise interior pollutants and high efficiency filters remove particulates via the air-handling system.

▼夜间立面,facade view by night ©Hufton+Crow

▼分区示意剖面图,general section

▼双层电梯系统,double decker elevator system

▼地下和地上电梯系统,high-low elevator system

▼场地平面图,site plan

▼办公楼层布局,office floor layout

▼立面图,elevation

▼剖面图AA,section AA

▼剖面图BB,section BB

Project Data
Top of façade: 199.99 m
Top of atrium: 194.15 m
Standard floor to floor height: 4.1 m
Number of floors: 45 floors above ground, 4 floors below ground
Site area: 14,365 m²
Gross floor area: 172,800 m²
Project Start Date: October 2013
Siteworks Start Date: April 2015
Completion Date: 19 November 2019

Project Team
Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA)
Design: Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher
ZHA Project Director: Satoshi Ohashi
ZHA Project Architect: Philipp Ostermaier
ZHA Project Associates: Kaloyan Erevinov, Ed Gaskin, Armando Solano
ZHA Project Team: Yang Jingwen, Di Ding, Xuexin Duan, Samson Lee, Shu Hashimoto, Christoph Klemmt, Juan Liu, Dennis Brezina, Rita Lee, Seungho Yeo, Yuan Feng, Zheng Xu, Felix Amiss, Lida Zhang, Qi Cao
ZHA Competition Directors: Satoshi Ohashi, Manuela Gatto
ZHA Competition Team Lead Designers: Philipp Ostermaier, Dennis Brezina, Claudia Glas Dorner
ZHA Competition Team: Yang Jingwen, Igor Pantic, Mu Ren, Konstantinos Mouratidis, Nicholette Chan, Yung-Chieh Huang

Executive Architect: Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (China)

Consultants
Structure: Bollinger + Grohmann (Stage 0,1); China Academy of Building Research (Stage 2); Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Stage 3,4)
Facade: Konstruct West Partners (Stage 2); Kighton Facade (Stage 3,4); Yuanda (Stage 3,4)
MEP: Parsons Brinkerhoff (Stage 2); Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Stage 3,4)
Lighting: J+B Studios Architectural Design (Stage 2); Light Design (Stage 2,3); Leuchte (Stage 4)
Landscape: Zaha Hadid Architects (Stage 2,3); Ecoland (Stage 4)
Interiors: Zaha Hadid Architects (Stage 2,3); HuaTeng (Stage 4)
Signage: Dongdao (Stage 4,5)
LEED: Schneider Electric (Stage 2)
Helipad: Zhi Jiu (Stage 3,4)
Traffic Consultant: Dazhengtong (Stage 3,4)
Quantity Surveyor: Liby Limited (Stage 2)
Site Supervision: Shuangyuan (Stage 5)
Modelmaker: Gaojie (Stage 2,3)
Visualisation: MIR (Stage 3,4), Cosmoscube (Stage 3,4), Frontop (Stage 2), Gozen (Stage 2), Zero (Stage 2), Atchain (Stage 4)


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