Surrounded by mountains, a large roof, more than 100 meters long and more than 30 meters wide, lies on one side of the mountain, leaning on a hillside about 300 meters high, and facing the west and the provincial road. In the settlement villages on the other side of the mountain, the residential houses lean against the mountain, and the eaves are cascaded. This is Xikeng Town, Wencheng County. As one of the four ethnic towns in Zhejiang, it has strong customs of She people. This large roof is Wencheng Forest Oxygen Bar Town Parlor.
▼项目概览，project overview ©姚力
▼区位图，location map ©GLA建筑设计
As a national key ecological function zone, Wencheng has a forest coverage rate of 72.3% and abundant tourism resources. In addition to the natural landscapes such as Tongling Mountain Gorge, Baizhang Waterfall and Yanmen Grand Canyon, the Xikeng Town where the project is located also has such humanistic landscapes as Liu Ji’s hometown, Anfu Temple, and the folk customs of She people. This project, as a window to show the image of the town and the general situation of the town, integrates the functions of exhibition, reception, conference, tourism service and distribution. The total area of the project is about 10800 square meters, of which 5500 square meters of the basement is the distribution parking lot.
▼本项目是展现小镇形象和导览小镇概况的窗口，the project is a window to show the image of the town and the general situation of the town ©姚力
▼鸟瞰图，aerial view ©姚力
Traditional Dwellings, Contemporary Reconstruction
The project is a “parlor” to receiver visitors from all walks of life, and reflects local characteristics and regional culture at the same time. However, the traditional style of construction, with a volume of more than 5,000 square meters, is obviously huge and rare. Without changing the volume, the designer attempts to break this single sense of pressure visually.
▼建筑整体选择传统风格建造，a traditional style of construction ©姚力
▼屋顶构造示意，roof design ©GLA建筑设计
The building abstracts the folded roof from the form of the local residential settlement, and takes advantage of the mountains for cascading. It can not only communicate with the traditional architecture on the scale, but also better match with the architectural language such as Chinese-style tiles, masonry walls and wood imitation structures. The volume of the building is divided into parts, so that it will not be too abrupt in the mountains, forming a good harmony.
▼建筑从当地民居聚落的形态中抽象出折叠的屋面，the building abstracts the folded roof from the form of the local residential settlement ©姚力
▼建筑在尺度上与传统建筑对话，the building communicates with the traditional architecture on the scale ©姚力
▼毛石墙立面，the masonry walls ©姚力
Forest Parlor, Green Ecology
▼森林意象，the image of a forest ©GLA建筑设计
▼畲族纹样，the local colored ribbon patterns of She people ©GLA建筑设计
Under the large roof, with the diamond-shaped interspersed net frame system and the intertwined tree crown in the forest as the image, the tree crown group image between the forests is abstracted to a tensile architectural structure, which becomes the most expressive image feature of this case. The entire building is like an artificial forest. It perfectly blends with the forested hillside behind the project, which perfectly matches the positioning of the “forest oxygen bar parlor”. The 45-degree interweaving pattern in the eave net frame system is inspired by the local colored ribbon patterns of She people. This is a reinterpretation of local traditional culture.
The hilltop building, which grows above the forest, may become another new business card of Wencheng tourism.
▼森林氧吧客厅，forest oxygen bar parlor ©姚力
Bucket Arches and Double Eaves, Magnificent and Grand
Bucket arch is a unique structure of Chinese architecture, which can make the eaves extend outward to a large extent. It is a main feature of Chinese traditional architecture. The tree-like bracing structures under the eaves in this case stand out layer by layer, supporting the raised eaves, which has become the abstraction and simplification of the bucket arch archetype. The far-reaching double eaves are the inheritance and expression of the traditional architectural form.
▼屋面细节，roof detailed view ©姚力
The gray space under the eaves provides visitors with a comfortable public activity platform. Facing the mountains, overlooking the distant mountains, sitting and gossiping is a great relaxing experience. Facing the side of the provincial road, Qingtian Jade Carving Carpenter Creative Workshop and Fine Art Tea House have quietly opened. The square in front of the door matches with water features and various plants, making it a free and gathering public space.
▼入口广场，the entry square ©姚力
▼小镇客厅内部，Town living room interior view ©姚力
▼入口水景，water scape at the entrance ©姚力
Wencheng Forest Oxygen Bar Town Parlor is a design attempt to find the perfect fit between architecture and environment. The building born of the environment is the reason for its unique characteristics. By exploring traditional materials and construction techniques, the local, new and old technologies are perfectly matched. This thinking pattern and design strategy are worth continuing. In this way, the architecture can be constructed in the most appropriate way in the natural environment with evolving four seasons and the endless humanist traditions.
▼建筑整体外观，exterior view ©姚力
▼一层平面图，first floor plan ©GLA建筑设计
▼二层平面图，second floor plan ©GLA建筑设计
▼负一层平面图，basement floor plan ©GLA建筑设计
▼屋顶平面图，roof plan ©GLA建筑设计
▼网架平面图，grid plan ©GLA建筑设计
▼多重网架解析，the layers of the grid ©GLA建筑设计
项目设计 & 完成年份：2019
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