Shangrao is a developing inland city. Like most other inland cities, Shangrao is undergoing a period of urban construction and rapid upgrading and expanding. A large comprehensive building group, consisting of a number of smaller city cultural buildings, is typical in similar cities, which is often discussed by architects in urbanization process.
▼建筑全貌，project overview ©侯博文
The museum is located on the east side of the central axis of Shangrao city center, covering an area of about 40,000 square meters and a total construction area of 42,000 square meters, including museums, urban planning exhibition halls and urban construction archives. From the north to the south, the central axis of the city connects the administrative center, the Citizen Park, the Entrepreneurial Park and the landscape mountains, and extends to Xin River in the south end. Around the grand City Square, there are high-density urban building groups, forming a sharp contrast between high density outside and zero density in the square. The museum base is 360 meters in length, traversing spaces with totally different densities. The biggest problem designers face is how to conciliate the two parts with proper construction features.
▼位于城市中轴线东侧的上饶三馆，the three buildings located on the east side of the central axis of Shangrao city center ©侯博文
▼由近到远依次博物馆、城市规划展示馆、城建档案馆，from foreground to background: the museum, the urban planning exhibition hall and the urban construction archive ©侯博文
▼沿广信大道看建筑全貌，view to the project from Guangxin Avenue ©侯博文
▼沿广信大道看规划展示馆，view to the urban planning hall from Guangxin Avenue ©侯博文
The overall layout to purse huge building group is avoided. From the south to the north, the urban construction archives, the urban planning exhibition hall and the museum are laid out according to users, area and mode. The three buildings of different sizes are well-proportioned. Outdoor spaces of different sizes are formed in the City Square and the road around the base, and these spaces are equipped with different contents and landscape elements according to functions of the buildings. Thus, the entrance and the route of visitors are clear. In addition, these outdoor spaces play the role of transition between the roads and the Square, creating the impression of space, enriching the functionality of the City Square, and endowing the Square with a lively atmosphere.
▼建筑屋顶鸟瞰，roof top view ©侯博文
▼博物馆和城市规划展示馆，the museum and urban planning hall ©侯博文
▼博物馆东南向，view to the museum from the southeast ©侯博文
▼城建档案馆南向，south facade of the urban construction archive ©侯博文
▼博物馆东方向次入口，the secondary entrance of the museum ©侯博文
▼规划展示馆主入口，main entrance of the urban planning hall ©侯博文
The buildings present a distinct sense of sculpture. Without affecting the interior space, exterior is built using curtain wall from the outside to form the inverted centrum shape of the building. The sloping wall surface changes the original rectangular shape, improving the appearance of the City Square, reducing the visual oppression of the road on the east, as well as enhancing the integrity of the building from the perspective of surrounding higher buildings. The sloping wall surface also presents a stronger sense of fixation and place to the external space of the building, and establishes its own tension-oriented spatial order, showing a dynamic tension that forms the harmony of the city and the square.
▼建筑体量呈现明显的雕塑感，通过倾斜的表皮来消解其长方形的格局，the buildings present a distinct sense of sculpture, while the sloping wall surface changes the original rectangular shape ©侯博文
▼景观水院，courtyard with a waterscape ©侯博文
From the perspective of the construction of the building surface, under the limited cost, horizontal metal grills are used on the external walls of the three buildings with different sizes and shapes. The metal grilles are copper-colored, meaning the long history of copper mining industry in Shangrao. Each two grills are arranged with the same gap, which is consistent with the modulus of the door and window. At the corner, the curtain wall and the building are largely separated, forming an obvious hollow, and the sunlight filtering through the hollow makes the building more vivid visually. In terms of the irregularities of the outer contour of the building, the BIM-assisted design runs through the entire design process, guiding construction material selection and spatial positioning.
▼外墙的金属格栅暗合上饶本地历史悠久的采铜工业，the horizontal metal grills response to the long history of copper mining industry in Shangrao ©侯博文
▼阳光可以从缝隙中透出，the sunlight filtering through the hollow makes the building more vivid visually ©侯博文
▼立面细部，facade detail ©大鲸互动
Due to the uncertainty of the exhibition content, the planning of the interior space of the building requires more for the compatibility and variability of the space. It will reduce energy consumption and running cost to adjust the space according to actual content, using frequency and population differences in the future. This is one of the reasons for establishing the three buildings separately. For each building, the public space and transportation are designed for the overall layout, and the display space is as large as possible to ensure the flexibility of future operations.
Project: PLANNING EXHIBITION HALL , MUSEUM & ARCHIVE IN SHANGRAO
Location: Shangrao, Jiangxi Province
Total floor area：42000㎡
Design Organization：AZL Architects
Design Cooperation: Institute of Architecture Design & Planning Co., Ltd, Nanjing University
Lead Architects：Qi Wei, Gong Huan
Architectural Design: Wang Liang, Fan Xinwo, Chen Genlin
Landscape Design: Chen Junjun, Qiu Jing, Sun Xueran
Photographer: Hou Bowen