Kirkkonummi is a municipality of 40,000 inhabitants near Helsinki built around its Medieval stone church. Facing the church, JKMM has transformed the old city library. Together with the nearby open market, the church and library create the civic centre of Kirkkonummi.
▼图书馆外观，library exterior view © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼模型：图书馆面向中世纪的石砌教堂，model：the library is facing the Medieval stone church © JKMM
JKMM have therefore emphasised the relationship of the library with the neighbouring church by designing a 50-metre long sheltered terrace overlooking the church yard. The copper shingle cladding of the new library, called Fyyri, also relates back to its maritime heritage setting.
▼图书馆和教堂，the library and the church © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼建筑外墙被铜瓦覆盖，the new library with a copper shingle cladding © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼建筑外观，exterior view © Tuomas Uusheimo
Fyyri is an adaptive reuse project built using the existing concrete structure of the original 1980s library. JKMM has remodelled the 80s building, doubling its volume, and introducing a large variety of accommodation for community uses such as rooms for toddler group activities, youth clubs as well as exhibition areas and spaces for events and performances. The ground level café has a generous 198 m2 reading lounge dedicated to newspapers and periodicals.
▼首层空间外观，ground floor exterior view © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼首层空间近景，ground floor close view © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼首层阅读空间， reading area on the ground floor © Pauliina Salonen
The reading rooms at Fyyri respect the Finnish Modernist tradition of libraries that ennoble the idea of books and learning through their highly crafted design and carefully detailed interiors. At Fyyri, the interiors include bespoke lighting with brass fittings that create warmth and also a sense of dignity that is in keeping with this building typology.
▼阅览室，reading room © Tuomas Uusheimo
Brass is also used by JKMM in the library’s new entrances and hand railings in a way that is inviting and intuitively leads visitors through the public areas. Today brass is, of course, all the more appreciated as a material for its inherently anti-bacterial properties but when designing the building JKMM wanted a finish that would contrast with the concrete surfaces that dominate the architecture.
▼图书馆的内饰元素包括带有黄铜配件的定制灯具，the interiors include bespoke lighting with brass fittings © Pauliina Salonen
The main reading hall’s design is made up of rhythmic fair faced concrete posts and beams. Indirect natural light filters through this column-like framework creating patterns that are similar to daylight rippling through a forest of trees. Overall, the building is inspired by its surrounding coastal landscape particularly in the tonality of its interiors.
▼主阅读大厅，the main reading hall © Pauliina Salonen
For example, JKMM’s interior design team has played on local nature in their choice of subdued colours and of materials like wool and felt upholstering, and have worked with Finnish artist Petri Vainio to create an in-situ art piece in the ceiling of the main entrance lobby that represents a bed of reeds. As in other JKMM, projects the interiors team have emphasised the role of fitted furniture in continuing the architectonic qualities of the building form. Slatted timber walls and ceilings also feature in a way that blurs the division between the hand of architect and that of the interior designer.
▼主入口大厅，the main entrance lobby © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼阶梯座位，the terraced seating area © Pauliina Salonen
▼木板条墙面元素，the slatted timber wall elements © Pauliina Salonen
Teemu Kurkela founding partner at JKMM says, “Libraries are no longer solely about books, but about sharing knowledge and experiences through multiple channels. This phenomenon has changed the library typology; making contemporary libraries into places for finding inspiration, learning new things through reading and other activities and also getting together. They are not unlike community halls. This is why Finns today refer to libraries as public living rooms.”
▼室内空间，interior view © Pauliina Salonen
JKMM see this community function and non commercial quality of Fyyri as integral to creating a civic foundation that is about solidarity and well-being for Kirkkonummi as it grows to accommodate more inhabitants including a new wave of Helsinki commuters. The fact that the interior design of Fyyri was considered an important part of the commission by the City of Kirkkonummi shows that the municipality understood that their residents will experience this remodelled library as a concrete expression of Finnish values.
▼室内空间，interior view © Tuomas Uusheimo
JKMM’s Interior Architect Tiina Rytkonen says, “Fyyri’s interior was designed to be welcoming and also intimate in a way that enables everyone to find their rightful home in the building. By reusing the 80s structure, the interior also has the sort of unanticipated spaces that come with working with older structures. There are cozy spaces and hideaways too perfect for children’s stories.”
▼让每个人找到属于自己的舒适角落，everyone is able to find their rightful home in the building © Pauliina Salonen
▼图书馆夜景，night view © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼一侧入口，one of the entrances © Tuomas Uusheimo
▼一层平面图，1st floor plan © JKMM
▼二层平面图，2nd floor plan © JKMM
▼三层平面图，3rd floor plan © JKMM
▼四层平面图，4th floor plan © JKMM
▼立面图，facades © JKMM
▼剖面图，sections © JKMM
Location: Kirkkonummi, Finland
Function: Library, event spaces, of ces, café
Size: 4 700㎡
Status: Completion 2020
Client: Municipality of Kirkkonummi
Scope: Architecture, interiors, art integration