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CKA冰球馆和公园中标方案,圣彼得堡 / 蓝天组

  • 专业分类:建筑设计
  • 2021-04-14 09:07

来源:谷德设计网

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沿袭俄国构成主义的传统
Coop Himmelb(l)au’s design follows the tradition of Russian constructivism

在构成主义兴盛时期,俄国涌现了大量在建筑史上堪称里程碑的杰作。塔特林和艾尔·利西茨基等艺术家启发了全世界的建筑师,并重新定义了建筑在艺术层面上所能抵达的境界。圣彼得堡CKA冰球馆的设计沿袭了构成主义时期“一切皆有可能”的独特传统,并将富有表现力的开放的设计语言转译到当代语境:以塔特林“第三国际纪念塔”的语汇为基础,建筑的金属花丝框架通过现代的方式被融入到体育馆周围活跃的动线之中。

▼项目概览,General view © Coop Himmelb(l)au

At the time of Constructivism, Russia produced unique milestones in architectural history. Artists such as Tatlin and El Lissitzky inspired architects worldwide and redefined the level of artistic aspiration in architecture. The design of the new CKA Ice Hockey Arena in St. Petersburg follows the tradition of this unique era of constructivism, where everything was possible, and translates its expressive, open design language into a contemporary context: the filigree framework of its construction, based on Tatlin’s “Monument to the Third International,” is transferred to the flowing, dynamic movement of a person skating around the stadium.

▼设计草图,sketch © Coop Himmelb(l)au

 

新公园的活跃核心
A vibrant heart at the center of the newly created park

在不改变场馆内部规划的前提下,设计为建筑创造了一个新的透明覆层,并使其为上方动态的悬臂屋顶提供支撑。轻盈而连续的框架在通往环形基座的楼梯处变为巨大的拱形结构,从而形成一个能够遮风挡雨的拱廊,或可用作商业和餐饮空间。拱廊内的隔热壳体空间与一系列阳台相连,将场馆内部的功能区与受保护的户外空间连接起来,使其在非赛事期间可以作为休闲区和餐厅露台使用。

Without changing the existing planning inside the arena, a second, transparent cladding is created, which serves as a supporting structure for the overlying, dynamically cantilevered roof. This filigree construction is only interrupted by arches at those points where the stairs to the ring-shaped plinth are placed. This creates a covered arcade that is protected from wind and rain that can also be used for merchandising shops and food stands. Balconies, which are attached to the thermal shell within these arcades, connect the functional areas inside the arena with the protected outside space and can also be used as lounges and restaurant terraces outside of event times.

▼轻盈而连续的框架在通往环形基座的楼梯处变为巨大的拱形结构 © Coop Himmelb(l)au
The filigree construction is only interrupted by arches at those points where the stairs to the ring-shaped plinth are placed

玻璃外墙内嵌透明的LED点状媒体屏,可以将当前的赛事信息广泛地传达给场馆周围的区域。冰球馆的扁平圆顶在面向太阳的一侧安装了太阳能电池板,主入口上方亦设有LED屏幕,从远处即可看到。这些措施令建筑成为了圣彼得堡新公园综合体中的活跃核心,让公众可以全天候地使用。

A transparent media screen made of LED dots inside the glass envelope communicates the current events over a large area in the area around the arena. The roof of the arena is shaped like a flattened dome. This is equipped with solar panels on the side facing the sun and equipped with an LED screen above the main entrance, which can be seen from afar.These measures transform the building into the vibrant heart at the center of the newly created park complex for the people of St. Petersburg, usable around the clock.

▼带顶拱廊,the covered arcade © Coop Himmelb(l)au

▼主入口LED屏,LED screen above the main entrance © Coop Himmelb(l)au

 

全年活跃的公园
A park for year-round use

公园中设有活动和运动区,可供全年使用。公园内的道路网纵横交错,主要包括两类路径,一类是连接公园内重要区域的轴线,其形态均源于艾尔·利西茨基的艺术作品,象征着力量与活力;另一类是蜿蜒在公园中的小路,邀请人们漫步其中。具有不同功能的各类区域之间形成了流畅的互联关系,同时又不会干扰游客对于空间的感知。在这些区域边缘,观众看台与景观融为一体,并为各自的运动场地提供了荫蔽。

The park, with its event and sports areas, is designed for year-round use. It is criss-crossed by two categories of path networks: The first category is straight axes that connect important points in the park and enable quick traversal of the facilities. The vectors of these access routes are derived from a work by El Lissitzky and are symbolic of power and energy. The second category consists of paths that wind through the park and invite you to stroll. Various zones for sports and leisure activities are embedded in these path networks. The respective zones, with their different functional areas, flow smoothly into one another and are still spatially perceptible for the visitor. At the edge of the zones, spectator stands are integrated into the landscape and protect the respective sports fields from the wind.

▼冰球馆和公园鸟瞰,the CKA Arena and Park – aerial view © Coop Himmelb(l)au

CKA ARENA AND PARK, PROJECT TEAM
Client:
Planning: COOP HIMMELB(L)AU, Wolf D. Prix & Partner ZT GmbH
Design Principal: Wolf D. Prix
Managing Partner: Markus Prossnigg
Design Partner: Alexander Ott
Project Partner: Benjamin Schmidt
Project Team: Poltak Pandjaitan, Tyler Bornstein, Balbina
Scheitnagl, Shir Katz, Eren Adan
3D Visualization: Constantin Papachristopoulos,
Christos Grapas, Iraklis Alexandros Kallioras, Tudor Sabau
Graphic: Jan Rancke
Structural Engineering: B+G Ingenieure Bollinger und Grohmann GmbH | Vienna
Prof. Klaus Bollinger, Moritz Heimrath, Adam Orlinski
Facade Engineering: B+G Ingenieure, Bollinger and Grohmann S.a.r.l. | Paris
Niccolo Baldassini, Nicolas Polaert
Lighting Design: a·g Licht GbR Planungsbüro | Köln
Wilfried Kramb
Landscape Planning: Rajek Barosch Landschaftsarchitektur | Vienna
Oliver Barosch
Traffic Planning: Rosinak & Partner ZT GmbH | Vienna
Philip Rosinak
PROJECT DATA ARENA
Gross Floor Area (Public Benefits): 14.699m²
Length: 333m
Width: 265m
Height: 59m
Facade Area: 22.178m² (incl. 11 631m² LED Screen)
Roof Area: 65.519m² (incl. 11 680m² Solar Panels)
Seats: 23.206

PROJECT DATA PARK
Park Program
Kids World:
Family recreation zone, Entertainment zone, equipped with a children’s playground complex, sandboxes, slides, swings, climbing figures, balancers, spiral nets, and other playground equipment
Ice World:
Facilities for the arrangement of a festival area; Facilities for ice rink area for public skating, organized in cold season in the festival zone
Sports area:
Athletic track for training sessions of masters, children’s youth sports schools and other visitors, Sports grounds for game sports, Football field with the possibility of dividing the football field into at least 3 smaller ones (year-round use can be provided) In addition the football field shall locate 1 hockey field on the area of the football field
Urban Island:
Facilities intended for outside activities (skate park, exercise equipment zones, climbing zones, etc. can be provided)
General Facilities:
Mobile and stationary stands, construction of a sports pavilion (changing rooms, storage rooms, medical facilities, rental may be provided); Administrative and technical rooms (pavilions) for the operation of the Park (entrance groups, security posts can be provided, Multifunctional pavilion for sports and leisure activities
Site Area: 300.096m²
Gross Floor Area (Functions): 126.500m²
Green Area: 78.000m²
Parking spots:
below ground: 24.066m²
above ground: 18.400m²
CHRONOLOGY
Competition: 2020
www.coop-himmelblau.at


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